Grape Varieties

Germany's Pinot paradise

The sun-spoilt wine country of Baden is the third largest wine growing region in Germany. More than half of the 15,500 hectares cultivated with vines is planted with Pinot sorts. The excellent soils and the Mediterranean climate offer optimal growing conditions for this demanding vine, so Baden has rightly got the nick name “Pinot paradise”. Meanwhile, Baden is one of the most important Pinot noir regions in the world.

The Müller-Thurgau, Pinot gris and Pinot blanc, Riesling, and Chasselas are at home here, too. In addition, some exclusive grape varieties, which yield a limited production of particularly unmistakable wines can be found in this picturesque region. Examples for the high quality competence of the vintners are Pinot meunier for Tauberfranken, Riesling in the Ortenau region, and Auxerrois in the Kraichgau region.

Grape varieties

Riesling

RIESLING

Variety and cultivation
Riesling is one of the oldest grape varieties of all. It has been grown in Baden for many years and the synonym "Klingelberger" became popular in the Ortenau region very early on - named after
the vineyard which it was grown on 250 years ago. Riesling can produce wines of the highest quality - if the location and the climate are right. It prefers robust but porous soils and loves the warmth of the sun on south-facing slopes where it is guaranteed a long growing period. Riesling needs this extended growing
period as it is the latest ripening grape variety grown by German winegrowers. If it has enough time to ripen, Riesling develops stimulating fruit acids and a diversity of delicate spices, usually without a relatively high alcohol content.
In Baden, Riesling is primarily grown in the Ortenau region, but Kraichgau and the Badische Bergstrasse also boast significant growing areas.

Colour and flavour
Rieslings are available in all the sweetness categories. A typical Riesling has a light yellow colour with a hint of green, dominated by peach or apple fragrances, with a crisp, acidic flavour. Riesling also makes premium quality sparkling wines.

Recommended with ...
Young, light Rieslings are popular summer wines. Dry and medium dry Rieslings are excellent accompaniments to light dishes, steamed fresh and saltwater fish, braised meat with light sauces and poultry. The sweet Auslese and Trockenbeerenauslese wines are ideal for drinking with a dessert.

Pinot Gris

PINOT GRIS

Variety and cultivation
Whenever a series of pictures of white grape varieties is shown, the Pinot Gris, with its mauve-coloured grapes, stands out. And no wonder - the variety is a mutation of the Pinot Noir. Pinot Gris wines are usually dry and medium-bodied and have a somewhat acidic note, whereas those marketed in Germany under the
name Ruländer are commonly rich wines with a sweet note. The name Ruländer can be traced back to the merchant Johann Seger Ruland who discovered the interesting grapes from france in a garden in Speyer in 1711 and then ensured that the variety was used for winemaking. Baden winegrowers devote more than 10 percent of their growing area to Pinot Gris. It is the second most important white grape variety in Baden.

Colour and flavour
Depending on the method of vinification, Pinot Gris has an aroma reminiscent of green nuts, almonds, fresh butter and pears. It tastes of pineapple and citrus fruits, dried fruit and raisins. Occasionally, there are also hints of vegetable notes such as green beans and peppers. Wines matured in oak barrels may display subtle burned notes.

Recommended with ...
Pinot Gris can be served with every course of a meal. Dry Kabinett wines and Spätleses harmonise well with seafood, strong-tasting saltwater fish, pasta and mature soft cheese. Rich versions – including those matured in oak barrels – go well with intensive tasting lamb dishes and light game dishes, such as wildfowl and venison. fruity, sweet Spätlese or sweet Auslese wines are a particularly good accompaniment to rich, premium blue cheese and to desserts with honey, almonds or marzipan.

Pinot Noir

PINOT NOIR

Variety and cultivation
The Pinot Noir grape is the red equivalent of white Riesling grapes - it produces wines that are the pinnacle of quality. Pinot Noir was one of the earliest grape varieties to be selected from wild central European vines. Emperor Charles III introduced the Pinot Noir to Lake Constance in 884. Most of the Pinot Noir vines grown in Germany are planted in Baden. This sophisticated variety needs a great deal of care. It is very demanding in terms of climate and soil. In Baden, especially on the Kaiserstuhl, it encounters the very best growing conditions in order to produce red wines that are amongst the best in the world.
Pinot Noir is primarily used to create dry wines, sometimes with a certain amount of residual sweetness. Rosé and Weissherbst are also part of the Pinot Noir's range. If the grapes are pressed quickly after harvesting a "blanc de noir", a white wine from red grapes, can be produced from the light-coloured
juice. Pinot Noir can also be used to make good sparkling wines, i.e. red or blanc de noir sparkling wine. The most sophisticated Pinot Noir wines are often matured in oak barrels.

Colour and flavour
Pinot Noir wines are full-bodied and velvety. The typical Pinot Noir has a pleasant fragrance, reminiscent of red fruits ranging from strawberry, cherry and blackberry to blackcurrant, supplemented by almond nuances. The aroma is augmented by hints of vanilla and cinnamon if the Pinot Noir is matured in oak barrels. Pinot Noir wines with a strong colour, more tannins and less acidity, which have been matured in small oak barrels, are becoming increasingly popular.

Recommended with ...
Pinot Noir is an extremely versatile grape variety. As a sparkling wine it is an excellent aperitif. The blanc de noir versions are perfect accompaniments to starters, for example to fish or delicate vegetable sal

Gutedel

CHASSELAS

Variety and cultivation
Chasselas is very widely grown but its grapes are only used to make wine in a few of these regions; in Germany this is only the case in Markgräflerland in Baden. In this area it has the conditions it prefers - robust loess loam soil and sufficient rain.

Colour and flavour
Chasselas is one of the most popular Baden white wines and can also be used to produce good sparkling wines. It has a subtle nutty fragrance, a delicate flavour and a mild acidity.
Chasselas wines should be drunk while they are young, within the first two years after the harvest. The soil, microclimate and location of the vineyard are clearly expressed in Chasselas wines.
The rarely grown Red Chasselas is a variation of this grape. If its reddy-brown grapes are left on the mash for a long period of time after harvesting or are even fermented on the mash, a light, rosé coloured wine is produced.

Recommended with ...
Premium Chasselas wines are a good accompaniment to light meals, such as saltwater fish dishes, mild cheeses and even a cheese fondue (after all it is very popular in Switzerland, where it is also known as fendant). Its mild character ensures that the Chasselas can also be enjoyed on its own as a pleasant
house wine.

Silvaner

SILVANER

Variety and cultivation
Recent genetic tests have revealed the truth about its origins.Silvaner is a cross between Traminer, one of the oldest knowngrape varieties, and the indigenous variety "Österreichisch Weiß"(Austrian White).Silvaner wines express their particular terroir better than almostall other grape varieties - the perfect drink for inquisitive wineenthusiasts.

Colour and flavour
Silvaner is very versatile. With mild acidity, it can producesubtle citrus fruit aromas as well as strong pear aromas andearthy notes. It can be a simple summer wine, a smooth,creamy oak-matured wine, a well-developed, elegant Spätlese oran intensive, enduring sweet wine. Everything is possible.

Recommended with ... 
Silvaner is an excellent accompaniment to (freshwater) fish and seafood. It also goes well with simple country food, such as savoury quiches. Silvaner is also very good with asparagus. And its sweet versions are great with desserts.

Chardonnay

CHARDONNAY

Variety and cultivation
This grape variety can be found in all the important winegrowing around the world - therefore it is one of the "international" This is also no doubt because famous white Burgundy wines, Chablis, are produced from the Chardonnay grape. thrives best on deep, warm chalk soil. In Baden, Chardonnay wines are dry and are matured either in tanks or, following international example, in oak barrels. Chardonnay can also be used to make very good sparkling you know that a "blanc de blanc" from the Champagne a sparkling wine made entirely from Chardonnay grapes?

Colour and flavour
The typical fragrance is of melons, exotic fruit, gooseberries and crispy apples. The wines often alcohol and wine extract; they are full-bodied If they are matured in oak barrels, the fruity augmented by vanilla and burnt aromas.

Recommended with ...
As Chardonnay is available in various different quality grades, from fresh Qualitätswein to robust, dry Ausleses, it can be used for a wide variety of occasions. Light, young wines are a good accompaniment to fish, seafood and vegetables and robust or oaky wines are well-suited to a roast or strong cheese.

Sauvignon blanc

SAUVIGNON BLANC

Variety and cultivation
Sauvignon Blanc is an "international" grape variety. It is still onlygrown in small quantities in Germany - however this figure isincreasing as the fresh and fruity wine has a great many fans.Sauvignon Blanc has a long tradition, for example in Durbachin Baden. Gräflich Wolff Metternich'sche Weingut, then ownedby Earl zorn von Bulach, planted Sauvignon Blanc grapevinesoriginating from the Sauternes Château d'Yquem on the SchlossGrohl vineyard sometime after 1830. The wine received specialpermission to be marketed as "White Bordeaux" until the 1980s.

Colour and flavour
Sauvignon Blanc has a fragrance of gooseberries and redcurants.Its aromas range from freshly cut grass to herbs, from greenapples to fresh pineapple.

Recommended with ... 
Due to its refreshing character, Sauvignon Blanc is a wonderful wine for drinking outdoors. It is the perfect accompaniment to fish pies, seafood, such as scallops, or pasta with creamy sauces. It is also great to drink with fresh goat's cheese and creamy soft cheese.

Auxerrois

AUXERROIS

Variety and cultivation
Auxerrois is a close relative of Pinot Blanc and is only grownon a large-scale basis in the area around Weingarten in theKraichgau region. The name probably comes from the frenchcounty Auxerre, as it is likely to have originated in this area.The Auxerrois grape is a member of the Burgundyfamily and in Germany it is virtually only grown in Baden.Here, the variety is considered a speciality.
Colour and flavour
The wine is similar to the Pinot Blanc but with less acidity.The flavour and fragrance of Auxerrois is reminiscent of freshpears, quince and pineapple with a very subtle nutty note.

Recommended with ...
It goes well with freshwater fish and delicate saltwater fish, as well as with white meat, terrines and cream cheese. And Auxerrois is the perfect variety for every vegetarian - just like its close relative the Pinot Blanc it is great with all kinds of vegetables.

Muscatel

MUSCATEL

Variety and cultivation
Muscatel is one of the oldest cultivated grape varieties. Numerous different versions have developed over many centuries. In Baden, only Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains is grown today - a typical Baden speciality. The Muscatel grape is very demanding in terms of the vineyard and is very sensitive to frost.

Colour and flavour
Muscatel creates light, racy, aromatic wines with a distinctive but delicate nutmeg bouquet. Sparkling wines made from this sophisticated grape variety are pleasant and punchy - a real aromatic experience.

Recommended with ...
Due to their acidic balance and despite their delicate bouquet, simple Kabinett wines go well with various starters, salads and fruity desserts. Try Muscatel with salami and ham - a great combination! Sweet Auslese wines make a wonderful aperitif and they can then be enjoyed later with any type of dessert.

Pinot Meunier

PINOT MEUNIER

Variety and cultivation
As the name suggests, the red Pinot Meunier is related to the other Pinot varieties. It comes from the Burgundy region and is a close relative of the Pinot Noir. The variety is also known in Germany as the Müllerrebe (Miller's vine), probably due to the hairs on the leaves and shoots which look like a coating
of flour. Pinot Meunier is also a component of a lot of Champagne cuvées. In Baden, this variety is virtually only grown in the Tauberfranken winegrowing region.

Colour and flavour
Pinot Meunier wines have a ruby to brick red colour, feature a fruity cherry and berry aroma similar to that of a Pinot Noir and have a rather delicate body. Dry as well as fruity, sweet wines are mainly produced, primarily as Qualitätswein (quality wine) but also as Kabinett wines and Spätlese (late harvest).

Recommended with ...
The subtle red wine is popular with lunch platters and vegetable salads. Somewhat stronger versions are the ideal accompaniment to pork and lamb dishes as well as mild cheeses.

Regent

REGENT

Variety and cultivation
Regent is a cross between (Silvaner x Müller-Thurgau) x Chambourcin, created in 1967 at the Geilweilerhof Institute for Grape Breeding near Siebeldingen. The variety was approved for producing Qualitätswein in 1996. Its virtue is that it is resistant to fungus and therefore does not need any chemical pesticides.
As with Pinot Noir, the yields are not excessive. The wines are therefore correspondingly rich. Regent develops moderate acidity levels which facilitate the production of mild and velvety red wines.

Colour and flavour
Wine produced from the Regent grape variety have only been included in German winegrowers' portfolios for a few years but the style of the wines can already be identified. They are mainly deep red, fully-fermented (i.e. dry), full-bodied, almost Mediterranean wines with a strong tannin structure and fruity aromas
of cherries or redcurrants. High-quality grapes are also matured in oak barrels.

Recommended with ...
The wines are ready to drink relatively early and, depending on quality, accompany hearty lunch platters, for example salami and mature alpine cheese, just as well as intensively flavoured meat dishes with reduced sauces, leg of lamb, ox-tail ragout and game.

Riesling

RIESLING

Variety and cultivation
Riesling is one of the oldest grape varieties of all. It has been grown in Baden for many years and the synonym "Klingelberger" became popular in the Ortenau region very early on - named after
the vineyard which it was grown on 250 years ago. Riesling can produce wines of the highest quality - if the location and the climate are right. It prefers robust but porous soils and loves the warmth of the sun on south-facing slopes where it is guaranteed a long growing period. Riesling needs this extended growing
period as it is the latest ripening grape variety grown by German winegrowers. If it has enough time to ripen, Riesling develops stimulating fruit acids and a diversity of delicate spices, usually without a relatively high alcohol content.
In Baden, Riesling is primarily grown in the Ortenau region, but Kraichgau and the Badische Bergstrasse also boast significant growing areas.

Colour and flavour
Rieslings are available in all the sweetness categories. A typical Riesling has a light yellow colour with a hint of green, dominated by peach or apple fragrances, with a crisp, acidic flavour. Riesling also makes premium quality sparkling wines.

Recommended with ...
Young, light Rieslings are popular summer wines. Dry and medium dry Rieslings are excellent accompaniments to light dishes, steamed fresh and saltwater fish, braised meat with light sauces and poultry. The sweet Auslese and Trockenbeerenauslese wines are ideal for drinking with a dessert.

Pinot Blanc

PINOT BLANC

Variety and cultivation
If it wasn't for the colour of the ripening fruit, nobody wouldbe able to tell it apart from the Pinot Gris, as the shape of thegrapes and the leaves are identical. Pinot Blanc needs warm,robust soils that are as deep as possible, as well as exposed,dry and warm locations. Baden is the heartland of Pinot Blancin Germany. Due to their high acidity, Pinot Blanc winesare usually elegant and racy and are excellent wines to enjoywith a meal. They are late-developers; in terms of flavour,they only reach their full potential one year after harvestingat the earliest.

Colour and flavour
Pinot Blanc wines have a fragrance and flavour of (green) nutsand almonds, pear and quince, pineapple and apricot. This isoften augmented by citrus fruit notes and sometimes the hintof freshly cut grass. Pinot Blanc is as refreshing as it is complexand the wines are an excellent accompaniment to a meal. 

Recommended with ... 
Dry Pinot Blanc wines go exceptionally well with all kinds of vegetable dishes, as well as with fish, seafood, white meat and pasta with creamy sauces. Richer versions also go well with sophisticated wildfowl and lamb dishes.